The Sherman Collection: History of Life on the Plains

The Sherman Collection: History of Life on the Plains
By: Hillary Presecan
Administrative and Museum Technician Assistant INDIAN MUSEUM OF NORTH AMERICA ®

The history of the Sherman family begins with Frank Sherman and Lizzie Glode. Frank was of Ponca, French Canadian, and German descent. His wife Lizzie (Rattle White) Glode, born in 1888 in Pine Ridge and whose second father was rumored to be Kills a Hundred, was Oglala Lakota and French Canadian. Frank and Lizzie experienced the traditional milestones throughout their marriage as residents on the Plains. They built a homestead, had children, and raised livestock as a source of income. However, like every family, additional family lore passed on from generation to generation made their life story more interesting. One such experience for Frank and Lizzie Sherman was their connection to Buffalo Bill. On two occasions throughout their lives, Frank and Lizzie went on tour to Europe with Buffalo Bill and his Wild West show where they had an enjoyable time meeting European people and experiencing various cultures.

The Sherman Collection at the INDIAN MUSEUM OF NORTH AMERICA ® of Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation was donated by the Christensen family who were descendants of the Sherman family. They wished to donate the collection in order to tell the story of their family, comprised of both Indigenous and non-Indigenous descent, living on the Plains during the late 19th to early 20th centuries. The Sherman family legacy is told through family photos, genealogy, and a personal scrapbook journal created by Raymond Christensen, grandson of Frank and Lizzie Sherman and son of Hans and Rosalie Christensen (eldest daughter of Frank and Lizzie Sherman).

The Museum began acquiring the Sherman Collection in 2009; the late Ruth and Anne Ziolkowski worked closely with the Christensen family to research, collect, and create a proper display of their rich family history of life in this region of South Dakota. Patsy (Christensen) Knapp, daughter of Raymond Christensen, emailed Anne Ziolkowski in 2010 telling her how comforting it was to know their artifacts would be preserved and on display for others to enjoy. She only wished her parents were still alive to see this display. Pasty went on to say that, "I am sure my father would be pleased since it was his wish that these artifacts be donated to the museum in memory of him and our mother." Along with the journal scrapbook that Christensen donated, the Museum also received two Sioux fully-lined, beaded purses with metal clasp closures. One has a white lazy stich beaded background with multi-colored geometric designs measuring 8" high x 10" long, circa 1890-1910. The other purse has a blue-beaded background with multi-colored geometric designs measuring 4 ¼" high x 7 ¾" long, circa 1930's-1940's.

Another item in the Sherman collection is a Sioux child's fully-beaded ball for the "Throwing the Ball" rite. It features multi-colored beads and a 9 ½" circumference, circa 1890's-1910. Also, a Sioux full-beaded awl case is also another object in the Sherman Collection; it has a salt and pepper design with a beaded-top flap cover and tin cone and horse hair dangles at the bottom, circa 1910-1920. The four objects described above are examples of the multiple artifacts donated by another decedent of the Sherman family, Fran Eilchinger.

One of the most eye catching pieces of the collection is the portrait of Lizzie Sherman which was given to Crazy Horse Memorial by Geraldine Sherman of Rapid City, granddaughter of Frank Sherman. The portrait is hung next to the display case including other objects donated by the family. This portrait, donated in 2012, is the most recent donation from the descendants of the Sherman family. The portrait was created by Geraldine's daughter and Lizzie Sherman's great-granddaughter, Colleen Cutschall. Colleen is a retired professor of Brandon University in Manitoba who has exhibited works at the National Museum of the American Indian. Moreover, she designed the "Spirit Warriors" Memorial at the Little Bighorn Battlefield. The portrait is based on a photograph of Lizzie at age 18 in her beaded buckskin regalia. Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation considers it an honor to have Cutschall's art on display in recognition of her family legacy.

Readers are encouraged to visit the INDIAN MUSEUM OF NORTH AMERICA ® at the Crazy Horse Memorial in the Black Hills of South Dakota to view and learn more about the Sherman collection.
  • “No one is ever wrong who desires to do that which is not required of them to do — and that which is of a noble purpose. The purpose of Crazy Horse is noble.”
     
    Korczak Ziolkowski / Sculptor
  • “My fellow chiefs and I would like the white man to know that the red man has great heroes also.”
     
    Chief Henry Standing Bear
  • “When the legends die, the dreams end. When the dreams end, there is no more greatness.”
     
    Korczak Ziolkowski / Sculptor
  • “The Important thing is that we never stop. That’s the main thing. And if you looked at it as strictly a view of being finished, you could get awfully distracted waiting for that day to come. This way, you’re pleased with every little step of progress that you make.”
     
    Ruth Ziolkowski / Sculptor's Wife
  • “One does not sell the earth upon which the people walk.”
     
    Crazy Horse
  • “By carving Crazy Horse, if I can give back to the Indian some of his pride and create a means to keep alive his culture and heritage, my life will have been worthwile.”
     
    Korczak Ziolkowski / Sculptor
  • “He left everything so we can carry on his work, and that’s just what we’re going to do. We’re dedicated to that. His whole life would be wasted if the mountain carving and the humanitarian goals are not completed.”
     
    Ruth Ziolkowski / Sculptor's Wife
  • “My lands are where my dead lie buried.”
     
    Crazy Horse
  • “If it weren’t for each and every one you, whether your gift was small or large monetarily, whether it was friendship and encouragement, without you we wouldn’t be here…”
     
    Ruth Ziolkowski / Sculptor's Wife
  • “Standing Bear explained that the Indian has a concept of honoring their great heroes that’s totally different from the white man’s. It was difficult for me to understand at first…The Indian uses the direct approach. He says: that man was my ancestor, and he was a great man, so we should honor him-I would not lie or cheat because I am his blood”
     
    Korczak Ziolkowski / Sculptor

Crazy Horse Memorial
12151 Avenue of the Chiefs
Crazy Horse, SD 57730-8900

(605) 673-4681

Email: memorial@crazyhorse.org

Upcoming Events

  • Memorial Weekend
    May 26-29
    2017

    Memorial Weekend <br />May 26-29,<br /> 2017
    Native American’s across this great nation have served and sacrificed in the United States Military, join us to honor all fallen heroes who fought and protected our freedom. American Indian artists will be featured throughout the Welcome Center. Admission to the Memorial will be waived with 3 cans of food per person.
  • Legends in Light
    May 26-Oct 1
    2017

    Legends in Light<br /> May 26-Oct 1<br />
    This spectacular light show tells the story of the Memorial in laser lights projected onto the Mountain. You will be treated to the story of Chief Henry Standing Bear’s invitation to Korczak, Ruth’s contributions and special features of many Native American heroes. This must see show is featured nightly at dark, for sun down times click here: http://www.calendar-updates.com/sun.asp
  • Native Americans’Day
    Oct 9
    2017

    Native Americans’ Day  Oct 10, 2016
    Governor George S. Mickelson and the SD legislature declared 1990 as the “Year of Reconciliation”, the day formerly known as Columbus Day became Native American Day. Native American Day at Crazy Horse Memorial is celebrated by planned activities for kids, program and performers, Educator of the Year is awarded and (weather permitting) a mountain blast. Admission is waved to the Memorial with 3 cans of food per person.